Levels of IgE in the serum of patients with coronary arterial disease


Korkmaz M. E., Oto A., Saraclar Y., Oram E., Oram A., Ugurlu S., ...More

International Journal of Cardiology, vol.31, no.2, pp.199-204, 1991 (Scopus) identifier identifier

Abstract

Because previous studies have shown that mast cells can be activated by IgE-mediated mechanisms to release potent mediators which affect coronary blood flow, we measured serum IgE levels in 156 patients with coronary arterial disease and in 53 healthy controls (27 men, 26 women, mean 54 years). Patients were classified into 3 groups according to well established criteria as having stable angina pectoris (28 men, 15 women, mean 58 years), unstable angina pectoris (37 men, 15 women, mean 57 years), and acute myocardial infarction (52 men, 9 women, mean 58 years). In every subject, serum IgE measurement, eosinophil count, and stool examination for parasites were performed. Every subject was interviewed concerning history of allergy, smoking habits and the other risk factors for coronary arterial disease. In a model including the factors that may affect the serum levels of IgE (namely, age, sex, cigarette smoking, parasites, and family and personal history of allergy), IgE levels were found to be significantly higher in the patients with unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction compared to the patients with stable angina pectoris and controls. These data indicate that IgE may play a role in the pathogenesis of unstable angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction. © 1991.