Implications of socio-economic status on the dietary fatty acid intakes in Turkish women Türk kadınlarının sosyo-ekonomik durumlarının diyetle yaǧ asidi alımlarına etkileri


Büyüktuncer Z., Tosun B. N., AYAZ A., Gezmen Karadaǧ M., KESER A., Aksoy M., ...More

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.40, no.2, pp.305-312, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-0812-28
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.305-312
  • Keywords: Socioeconomic status, women, dietary fatty acids, omega-6:omega-3 ratio, LIFE-STYLE FACTORS, WESTERN-EUROPE, POPULATION, HABITS, HEALTH, DETERMINANTS, INEQUALITIES, PREVALENCE, OBESITY
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on the dietary intakes of fatty acids in a group of Turkish women. Materials and methods: Five hundred and sixty three women were randomly enrolled into the study. They were classified into 3 SES groups: group 1 high (n = 186), group 2 medium (n = 186), and group 3 low (n = 191). The groups were determined by the SES distribution of Ankara as determined by the 2000 census. Each participant was investigated with a questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, physical activity level (24-h record), and dietary intake (24-h recall) by dietetics interns. Body weight, height, waist, and hip measurements were taken. Results: Dietary protein, fat and carbohydrate intakes and their respective percentages of total energy were significantly different among the SES groups (P < 0.05). Based on the detailed dietary fat analysis, saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid intakes were highest in group 1, polyunsaturated fatty acids intake and ω-6:ω-3 ratio was highest in group 3 (P < 0.05). Body mass index, waist to hip ratio, and physical activity expenditure differed significantly between groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: SES seems to be associated with dietary fat, fatty acid intake, and ω-6:ω-3 ratio. Thus, to maintain proper dietary balances, SES should be also verified in conjunction with the dietary modifications. © TÜBİTAK.