Morphological and Functional Analysis of Cardiac Ameliorations in Elderly Rats Supplemented with a Magnolol Extract Complex Análisis Morfológico y Funcional de las Mejoras Cardíacas en Ratas Ancianas Suplementadas con un Complejo de Extracto de Magnolol

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BİLLUR D., Aktay I., Bayram P., BİTİRİM C. V., TURAN B.

International Journal of Morphology, vol.41, no.3, pp.915-925, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4067/s0717-95022023000300915
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Morphology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.915-925
  • Keywords: Antioxidants, Biphenolic compounds, Heart, Nutritional ingredients, Oxidative stress
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Magnolia bark extract supplementation has an anti-oxidative role in mammalians. However, its role in physiological aged-associated heart insufficiency is not known yet. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a magnolia bark complex, including magnolol and honokiol components (MAHOC), in elderly rat hearts (24-month-old aged group). One group of aged rats was supplemented with MAHOC (400 mg/kg/d, for 12 weeks) besides the standard rat diet while the second group of elderly rats and adult rats (to 6-month- old adult-group) were only fed with the standard rat diet. The morphological analysis using light microscopy has shown marked myofibrillar losses, densely localized fibroblasts, vacuolizations, infiltrated cell accumulations, and collagen fibers in the myocardium of the elderly rats compared to the adults. We also detected a markedly increased amount of degenerated cardiomyocytes including the euchromatic nucleus. The MAHOC supplementation of the elderly rats provided marked ameliorations in these abnormal morphological changes in the heart tissue. Furthermore, electrophysiological analysis of electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the supplemented group showed significant attenuations in the prolonged durations of P-waves, QRS-complexes, QT-intervals, and low heart rates compared to the unsupplemented elderly group. The biochemical analysis also showed significant attenuations in the activity of arylesterase and total antioxidant status in the myocardium of the supplemented group. We further determined significant attenuations in the activity of a mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase, known as a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the decreased level of ATP/ADP in the heart homogenates of the supplemented group. Moreover, under in vitro conditions by using an aging-mimicked cardiac cell line induced by D-galactose, we demonstrated that MAHOC treatment could provide prevention of depolarization in mitochondria membrane potential and high-level ROS production. Overall, our data presented significant myocardial ameliorations in physiological aging-associated morphological alterations parallel to the function and biochemical attenuations with MAHOC supplementation, at most, through recoveries in mitochondria.