Collaterals that regressed after angioplasty can be recruited to protect the left ventricle in case of an acute occlusion


ÖZDEMİR Ö., Soylu M., DEMİR A. D., Alyan Ö., Topaloglu S., Geyik B., ...More

Angiology, vol.56, no.5, pp.517-523, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/000331970505600502
  • Journal Name: Angiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.517-523
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

A considerable fraction of collaterals has been shown to regress immediately after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), but the fate of these well-developed collaterals is unknown. The authors aimed to show the protective role of these recruitable collaterals in case of an acute myocardial infarction (MI). They identified 22 patients who underwent PTCA and then were rehospitalized owing to acute myocardial infarction. These patients were compared with a group consisting of 48 patients hospitalized owing to acute MI without a history of previous PTCA. Then, the patients with collaterals were compared with the patients without collaterals to define the factors affecting the collateral formation. All the patients with collaterals before PTCA were shown to have collaterals also after AMI, and collateral grades were greater after MI (1.67 ± 0.98) when compared with those before PTCA (0.73 ± 0.7) (P = 0.001). Coronary collaterals were more commonly seen in patients with a history of previous PTCA (p = 0.005), and the grades of collaterals were also higher in these patients when compared with those without PTCA. Left ventricle score indices were lower and left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) were higher in patients with a history of PTCA (p = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that smoking increased the development of collaterals after AMI 3.8 fold, aspirin use 4.1 fold. On the contrary, diabetes mellitus (DM) decreased this 6.67 fold. As a result, well-developed coronary collaterals are preserved even if they have regressed after restoration of flow, and they may become functional and protect the myocardium against acute ischemia. ©2005 Westminster Publications, Inc.