Comparison of subciliary approaches in orbito-zygomatic fractures: Skin flap versus skin-muscle flap

Ozakpinar H. R., Sari E., Tellioglu A. T., Sandikci M. M., İNÖZÜ E., Seven E., ...More

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.26, no.7, pp.2094-2098, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000002076
  • Journal Name: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2094-2098
  • Keywords: Orbitozygomatic fracture, subciliary incision, subciliary skin flap technique, subciliary skin-muscle (stepped) flap technique, ORBITAL FRACTURES, INCISIONS, CONJUNCTIVAL, EXPOSURE, REPAIR
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Copyright © 2015 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.Background: Because of the complications of classical subciliary incision, some modified subciliary approaches have been described in recent literature. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare 2 commonly used subciliary approaches according to development of postoperative complications (scar formation, and ectropion). Materials and Methods: Ninety patients were included in this retrospective study. Subciliary skin flap technique (SF group) was performed to 39 patients, while the others were operated by using skin-muscle (stepped) flap technique (SMF group). Fitzpatrick skin types, genders, ages, scar scores, and ectropion scores of the patients also were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patients was 39.3 (18-99) years, and the mean follow-up period was 2.1 (1-6) years. Fitzpatrick skin-type levels were between 2 and 4 (median=3). No difference was found between 2 groups in terms of age, follow-up period, and Fitzpatrick skin-type levels. However, the scar values of the SMF group were significantly lower than the SF group statistically. Also, there was no significant difference between males and females in SF and SMF groups in terms of scar and ectropion formation. On the other hand, scar values were lower in SMF groups rather than SF group in males. Although ectropion values were not different between SF and SMF groups in females, ectropion values of SMF group were significantly lower than SF group in males statistically. Conclusion: Subciliary skin-muscle (stepped) flap technique can be more reliable than subciliary skin flap technique for approach to orbitozygomatic fractures.