Oral health status in a group of the elderly population residing at home

Nazliel H. E., HERSEK N. E., Ozbek M., Karaagaoglu E.

Gerodontology, vol.29, no.2, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00556.x
  • Journal Name: Gerodontology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: body mass index, geriatric dentistry, oral health, tooth loss
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Objectives: To determine the oral health status and treatment needs of subjects aged 65 years and older residing in different districts of Ankara. Materials and methods: A total of 1300 patients, 751 females and 549 males, age 65 and over with a mean age of 72.8 ± 6.34 were included in this study. The subjects were visited at home and toothbrushing habits, visiting the dentist, tooth loss, denture needs were questioned and body mass index values were recorded. Results: 52.5% of the subjects were completely edentulous, 83.3% subjects reported wearing a removable denture. Females had a higher total tooth loss frequency when compared to males (p < 0.05). Total tooth loss between 65 and 69 ages was 47.3%, and increased to 62.4% among those aged 75 and over (p < 0.05). 16.2% of the subjects had not visited a dentist in the last 10 years, and only 3% visited a dentist for control check-ups; no gender-based difference was observed as to the frequency of dental visits (P > 0.05). No significant relationship was found between tooth loss and BMI values (P > 0.05). 46.3% of the subjects had chewing problems. Conclusions: The subjects included in this study showed high tooth loss frequency and poor oral hygiene habits. Education regarding maintenance of oral hygiene and regular dental check up should be stressed for the elderly. © 2011 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S.