The effects of Mat Pilates and Reformer Pilates in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A randomized controlled study


Bulguroglu I., Guclu-Gunduz A., YAZICI G., ÖZKUL Ç., Irkec C., NAZLIEL B., ...More

NeuroRehabilitation, vol.41, no.2, pp.413-422, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/nre-162121
  • Journal Name: NeuroRehabilitation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.413-422
  • Keywords: Pilates, Multiple Sclerosis, balance, fatigue, quality of life, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, METAANALYSIS, FATIGUE, MOBILITY, FITNESS, BALANCE, SCALE

Abstract

© 2017 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.BACKGROUND: Pilates is an exercise method which increases strength and endurance of core muscles and improves flexibility, dynamic postural control and balance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the effects of Mat and Reformer Pilates methods in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with MS were included in the study. Participants were randomly divided into 3 groups as Mat Pilates, Reformer Pilates and control groups. The subjects in the Pilates groups did Mat or Reformer Pilates for 8 weeks, 2 days a week. The control group did breathing and relaxation exercises at home. Balance, functional mobility, core stability, fatigue severity and quality of life were evaluated. RESULTS: Balance, functional mobility, core stability, fatigue severity and quality of life improved after Pilates in Mat and Reformer Pilates groups (p<0.05). On the other hand, we could not find any changing in the control group (p>0.05). When the gain obtained in the Pilates groups is compared, it has been observed that progress has been more in trunk flexor muscle strength in the Reformer Pilates group (p<0.05) and that the gain has been similar in the other parameters (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: As a result, patients with MS have seen similar benefits in Reformer Pilates and Mat Pilates methods.