Processed meat products and snacks consumption in ADHD: A case–control study DEHB’li çocuklarda işlenmiş et ürünleri ve atıştırmalık tüketimi: Vaka kontrol çalışması

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Akin S., GÜLTEKİN F., Ekinci O., Kanik A., Ustundag B., Tunali B. D., ...More

Northern Clinics of Istanbul, vol.9, no.3, pp.266-274, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/nci.2021.64497
  • Journal Name: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.266-274
  • Keywords: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, children, chocolate, processed meat products, snack, sweets
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been linked to “unhealthy” food consumption, but the studies in this area are insufficient. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between ADHD/related symptoms and processed meat products and snack consumption. METHODS: This study was conducted on 390 children aged between 6 and 17 with 169 ADHD (38 Girls, 131 Boys) and 221 healthy controls (93 Girls, 128 Boys). Food consumption was evaluated by a modified food frequency questionnaire, including 18 food containing processed meat products and snacks. ADHD symptoms were evaluated by the teacher and parent Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavioral Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-Scale) and Conners’ Rating Scale (CPRS, CTRS). RESULTS: Children with ADHD consumed more processed meat products, milk-based desserts, and chocolate-sweets than controls (p<0.05). A positive correlation was observed between the ADHD symptom scores and the consumption amount of all snacks, the amount of chocolate-sweets consumption, the frequency of consumption of sujuk, chocolate, jelly beans, sweets, cakes, and chocolate spread (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Children with ADHD consume more foods rich in saturated fat and sugar than their healthy peers. Processed food consumption of children with ADHD may be associated with ADHD symptoms.