Can prilocaine infiltration alone be the most minimally invasive approach in terms of anesthesia during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy?

Yilmaz E., Batislam E., Basar M., TUĞLU D., Yuvanc E.

Urology, vol.68, no.1, pp.24-27, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.urology.2006.01.047
  • Journal Name: Urology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-27
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Objectives: To evaluate the analgesic effect and utility of prilocaine infiltration alone for minimal morbidity during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Methods: A total of 114 patients with kidney stones, aged 18 to 69 years, were randomly separated into two groups. The 58 patients in group 1 received intramuscular diclophenac 30 minutes before extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, and the 56 patients in group 2 received prilocaine infiltration into the 30 cm2 area below the 12th rib right before the session. A visual analog scale (0 to 100 mm) was used to evaluate pain. Results: The visual analog scale scores for group 2 were statistically lower at 1, 10, and 20 minutes compared with the scores for group 1 (P = 0.006, P = 0.005, and P = 0.006, respectively). However, no difference was detected at the end of the procedure. The requirement for additional analgesic was less in group 2 (P = 0.007). Conclusions: Prilocaine infiltration alone can be used for analgesic purposes efficiently and safely during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy with minimal morbidity. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.